This is a tintype photo of THOMAS GILLAN (1827-1893),
probably taken in the late 1870s. Tom was a resident of Hammonds Plains, Nova
Scotia. He and his wife Mary Anne Deighan raised eleven children, including
James Gillan, great-grandfather of Matthew J. Barker.
This is Part Three
of our on-going feature that will explore the surnames indigenous or common to
the County Galway.
This series will
not feature every surname found in Galway, but hopefully the majority will be
treated here. For more information on the following surnames and others, please
consult Edward MacLysaght’s THE SURNAMES OF IRELAND (Irish Academic Press, Dublin,
6th Edition, 1999) or Michael C. O’Laughlin’s FAMILIES OF COUNTY GALWAY (Irish
Genealogical Foundation, Kansas City, Missouri, 1998). MacLysaght is still the
acknowledged expert on Irish surnames, although he has since passed away.
The entries will
usually include a brief background on a given surname, along with various
spellings, corruptions, anglicized forms, and other variants. Irish Gaelic
spellings of the names can be found in MacLysaght’s work when not recorded
(O) CONNOLLY, CONNELLY, CONLEY
This name is quite
common in County Galway, especially in Connemara. It is also found in Monaghan, Meath, and
Fermanagh. It is O Conghaile in Irish and often confused with CONNEELY. A
common spelling is CONNELLY; both names morphed into CONLEY in America. CONLY,
A surname found
also in southeastern Leinster, it is common in Connacht, especially in Mayo and
Galway where it is usually spelled COSGROVE. COSGRIFF & COSGRY are
(Mac) COSTELLO, COSTELLOE
derived from Oisdealb, the father of the Norman Gilbert de Nangle, hence Mac
Oisdealbhaigh in Irish, is quite prevalent in Galway and Mayo. It is often
spelled COSTELLOE in Ireland, but COSTELLO in America. COSTLEY. COSTELLOW. COSTOLLOE. COSTELO.
COYNE, O Cadhain
in Irish (from the Irish for wild goose, cadhan), is a common Galway surname,
especially in Connemara where it has also become KYNE and KINE. This name has
many other variants, including BARNACLE (a synonym by mistranslation), COEN,
and KILCOYNE. Corruptions and variants include COIN, COYN, COINE, KOEN, and
This surname belongs
almost exclusively to eastern Galway, where it originally takes its name from
the village of Craughwell.
This surname is
common to eastern and northeastern Galway. It is O Crabhain in Irish and
sometimes spelled CRAVANE. Although some individuals in a given family spelled
the name both CRAVEN and CREAVEN (both spellings once seen on one naturalization
paper!), the Irish and Irish speakers usually spelled it CREAVEN, while English
and English speakers wrote it as CRAVEN. CREAVAN. GRAVEN.
(O) CREAN, CREHAN
A sept of County
Donegal also found in Sligo, Clare, and Galway. O Croidheain in Irish, it is
found in Galway usually as CREHAN. CREAGHAN. CREGAN.
CRISHAM: See CLISHAM
(O) CROFFY: An
eastern Galway name which is O Crabhthaigh in Irish. CRAFFY.
O Cronghaile in
Irish, often spelled CRONLEY and CRONOLLY. Found in Galway and sometimes
confused with CONNELLY.
non-Gaelic name found in the Claddagh area of Galway, probably a corruption of
CUTBIRD, itself a corrupt form of CUTHBERT.
from County Mayo and said to be a branch of the STAUNTON family. Variants
include CULKEEN and MacQUILKIN.
(O) CULLINANE: A
name found in eastern Galway and also found in Counties Clare and Tipperary.
(O) CUNNEEN: Mac Coinin
in Irish, it is found mainly in Galway and Clare, where some of the name
changed their surname to RABBITT (from the Irish for rabbit, coinin). CUNNANE.
(O) CUNNEGAN: A sept
of the Ui Maine, anglicized as CUNNINGHAM according to MacLysaght. See CUNNINGHAM.
CUNNINGHAM: This Scottish surname has been used in Ireland
as the modern form of many Irish surnames (see CUNNEGAN). Found especially in
(Mac) CURLEY: This
is Mac Thoirdealbhaigh in Irish and is a variant of TURLEY, which is found in
Ulster. Found in Counties Galway and Roscommon.
(O) CURRAN: This
surname is found throughout Ireland, especially in Connemara. It is O Corrain
in Irish and has also been spelled CURRANE, CURREEN, and CURREN.
(O) CURRY: O
Comhraidhe in Irish, it is found in Galway, Clare and Westmeath. CURRIE. CORRY.
(O) CUSSANE: O
Casain in Irish, this name is found in the Ui Maine country of County Galway.
MacDADE: A variant of
MacDAID, which is found in Donegal. It is Mac Daibheid in Irish and means son
(O) DALY: O Dalaigh
in Irish, it is found in Galway, Clare, Cork, and Westmeath. It is often
spelled DAILY or DALEY in America. DAWLEY, DAILEY.
DARCY: This is O
Dorchaidhe in Irish and is one of the Tribes of Galway. It is also found as
DORCEY, DORCY, and D’ARCY.
This family is a branch of the BURKES of Connaught. The barony of
Ballymoe in Galway in the 16th Century was known as MacDavie’s Country. See
DAVIS: This is a
common Welsh name, but is found in Cork and also in Connemara, where it may be
perhaps an anglicized version of MacDAVIE.
Another branch of the BURKES of Connaught, spelled Mac Dabhoc.
DEANE: One of the
Tribes of Galway, originally le Den according to MacLysaght. DEAN.
(O) DEELY: This is
O Duibhghiolla in Irish often spelled DEELEY. People of this name all
originated in County Galway.
The Maine Irish Heritage Center's genealogy program is coming along very nicely. Every week, sometimes every day, people come in and discover more about their Irish heritage. Many people have taken DNA tests and have discovered they are related to many other Portland Irish people who have taken the test...Maureen Coyne Norris and Margaret Feeney LaCombe, who went to high school together, never knew they were related until they took the FamilyTreeDNA family finder test...they are third cousins!!
Discoveries of this nature occur weekly....some people have discovered they are related to eight or more people who have taken the test...the results have been truly amazing!
The MIHC currently has DNA tests available for purchase...price as of August 2012 is $250.00...
The Maine Irish Heritage Trail was established in 2008 by Acro-Global Company of Boothbay Harbor, Maine and compiled by Portland historian and genealogist Matthew Jude Barker...the trail will eventually cover all of Maine...thus far Portland and South Portland have been finished...Westbrook is near to completion.....for mistakes and omissions, please contact the author at firstname.lastname@example.org. An updated version will appear in the immediate future hopefully
The Ancient Order of Hibernians will host their 14th annual Mass atthe Famine Memorial in the Catholic Ground at the Western Cemetery (Portland)on Sunday, August 12, 2012, at 1 PM. A reception will follow at St. Patrick'sChurch on Congress Street.
The Famine Memorial stone was dedicated in August 1999 by the localAOH to honor the more than 1,200 Irish Catholics buried on the Catholic Ground,most without headstones The service will also remember an Gorta Mor, the Great Hunger, the Irish potato famine in Ireland(1845-51), in which at least 1.2 million Irish perished due to hunger anddisease. This famine was in actuality an "artificial" famine broughton by callous landlords, corrupt and apathetic British bureaucrats, and anextremely inefficient land system.
Most of the Catholics buried in the Catholic Ground were famineemigrants or their children, who died during the "Famine Decade" of1845-1855. They were mostly all communicants of nearby St. Dominic's Church(now the Maine Irish Heritage Center) where more than 500 Irish emigrantsjoined the church in "Black '47," the worse year of the Great Hunger.